Saturday, September 17, 2016

Mexican Murals. El Llanito: The Last Judgment of Pocasangre

El Llanito
The venerable church of El Llanito, just outside Dolores Hidalgo, is one of the earliest temples in the region and the shrine of El Señor del Llanito (aka San Salvador de los Afligidos)an image with a large following among the indigenous Otomí of the area.  
   Our main interest here is in the surviving murals, the only other known examples to have been executed by Miguel Antonio Martínez de Pocasangre, the noted native painter of the nearby Santuario de Atotonilco
   The murals are found in two locations, the entry portería and the Loreto Chapel.
1. The Porteria
Some mural fragments survive in the vault of the porteria adjacent to the church. Dating from the same period as the Loreto chapel murals they are believed to be the work of Pocasangre. 
Part of an apparent End of Days or Last Judgment sequence, they include dramatic details of burning buildings, sword wielding angels and horned devils herding tormented sinners into the embrace of serpents and the flames of Hell. The animated, bug eyed figures are vividly colored in red, orange and brown hues.
2. The Loreto Chapel
The tiny Loreto chapel, or chapel of the Litany, is an 18th century addition to the church. Currently under restoration, the murals decorating the chapel walls and ceilings are the best preserved of the Pocasangre works at El Llanito. 
   In contrast to the disturbing scenes of the portería, the principal subject of the mural program here is the Litany of the Virgin—a devotional theme we saw portrayed in the painted ceilings of Michoacán (e.g.: at Zacán, Quinceo and San Lorenzo). 
The wall frescoes illustrate verses adapted from the widely circulated Klauber edition of the Litany of Loretto (Augsburg 1750), each framed by linked cartouches with the accompanying Latin text. 
Loreto Chapel ceiling detail
As at Atotonilco, the scenes are rendered in a popular baroque style, albeit framed in a more orthodox manner. Reds and blues predominate, enhanced by washes of earth tones.
text © 2016 Richard D. Perry
Last Judgment images by Robert Jackson. 
thank you Robert for bringing these murals to my attention
see some of our earlier posts on Mexican Murals:  CuautinchánXometlaCulhuacánZacualpanOzumbaTlalmanalcoIxmilquilpanMama;  IzucarTree muralsTepeapulcoTulaEpazoyucanZempoalaYecapixtla;

1 comment:

  1. Whoa! Those are some frightening looking devils!! Makes me want to be a good girl.