Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Folk Baroque in the City: Santiago Acahualtepec

Folkloric church fronts, incandescent with brightly colored stone and stucco ornament and statuary are more commonly associated with the Puebla area.*  So it is unusual to find a full blown example of this more joyful genre in the gritty environs of Mexico City.
Founded as a Franciscan visita of nearby Mexicalzingo, the early mission at the former lakeside community of Acahualtepec dates back to the 16th century. Legend holds that a processional image of Santiago, being transported by canoe, suddenly became too heavy to move and thus stayed here to give his name to the village and church. 
However the present, multihued facade of Santiago Acahualtepec, divided by ornamental estípite pilasters in provincial style, was only added in the later 1700s, and its details and certainly its coloration have changed over the years since.
Numerous statues of squat, blue robed, barefoot friars look out from niches across the church front, distinguished only by their hand gestures, possibly related to their once holding of the Arma Christi, attributes now largely missing. 
bell tower with corner niche and statue of St Francis
Although none are individually named or identified, it seem likely that St. Francis is the figure placed in the isolated corner niche on the right side of the facade.
upside down cherub and window archangel
Other relief figures of note include an upside down cherub on one side of the portal, and an archangel lodged beside a window at the base of the bell tower.
Heads of cherubs and other figures, including what may be Adam and Eve, pop up amid a whirl of carved and painted foliage.
text © 2019 Richard D. Perry
color images by Niccolò Brooker, who drew this church to our attention. 
Gracias Niccolò 
Further details: Monterrosa, Mariano, “La capilla de Santiago Acahualtepec”, en Boletín del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Núm. 40, junio 1970, p. 11-14.
Please review our earlier posts on the folk baroque churches of Mexico: San Jeronimo AljojucaSanta Inez Xanenetla; TlancualpicanSanta Ana Jolalpan; Santa Maria JolalpanSan Simón Quecholac;

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